Backdoor.Qbot

Short bio

Backdoor.Qbot is Malwarebytes’ detection name for a large family of Backdoor Trojans that has been around in one form or another since 2009.

Type and source of infection

Backdoor.Qbot is mainly a banking Trojan and passwordstealer. It is worth noting that most varianst are VM-aware and some have polymorphic abilities.
Backdoor.Qbot main source are exploit kits but they are also spread by infected email attachments.

Aftermath

  • Data/information about the system may have been stolen
  • User credentials may have been stolen
  • Affected system may be susceptible to further attacks and/or infection due to a backdoor that was opened

Protection

Malwarebytes protects users from Backdoor.Qbot by using real-time protection.

block Backdoor.Qbot

Malwarebytes block Backdoor.Qbot

Business remediation

How to remove Backdoor.Qbot with the Malwarebytes Nebula console

You can use the Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Nebula console to scan endpoints.

endpoint menu Nebula endpoint tasks menu

Choose the Scan + Quarantine option. Afterwards you can check the Detections page to see which threats were found.

Nebula detections

On the Quarantine page you can see which threats were quarantined and restore them if necessary.

Nebula Quarantaine

Home remediation

Malwarebytes can detect and remove Backdoor.Qbot without further user interaction.

  1. Please download Malwarebytes to your desktop.
  2. Double-click MBSetup.exe and follow the prompts to install the program.
  3. When your Malwarebytes for Windows installation completes, the program opens to the Welcome to Malwarebytes screen.
  4. Click on the Get started button.
  5. Click Scan to start a Threat Scan.
  6. Click Quarantine to remove the found threats.
  7. Reboot the system if prompted to complete the removal process.

IOCs

Backdoor.Qbot may install different files upon execution. It is usually installed in the folder %ALLUSERSPROFILE%, for example:

%ALLUSERSPROFILE% \Microsoft\oraene2
%ALLUSERSPROFILE% _qbothome_qbot.dll

but also

%APPDATA% \microsoft\jwkljxnw\jwkljx.dll
%APPDATA% \roaming\microsoft\jwkljxnw\jwkljxn.exe

Once installed, Backdoor.Qbot replaces existing registry data found in subkey “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run” so that the malware runs at each Windows start. The malware prepends itself to a previously existing entry. For example, we have seen it create the following registry entry:

In subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Sets value: “<random characters>”
With data: “”%APPDATA%\microsoft\jwkljxnw\jwkljxn.exe”
It usually creates a mutex to ensure that only one instance of itself is running, for example:

enagk

Backdoor.Qbot attempts to connect to a remote server to receive command instructions from a threat actor. Commands may include any of the following actions:

Install additional files
Execute processes
Download updates
Log keystrokes
Steal passwords from MSN, Internet Explorer, and Outlook
Get system information
Monitor several Web sites, some of which are related to banks and other financial institutions
Steal cookies and certificates
Downloads other malware

Backdoor.Qbot may connect to remote sites to download updates or additional malware, which are then installed in the computer.

Some of the domains it is known to connect to are:

nt11.co.in
nt002.cn

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